Saturday, October 1, 2022

Who Invented The Keto Diet

Banting Managed To Shed 50 Pounds In His Mid

What is a Keto Diet & is it Good For You? – 12026 Aired 7-28-21

Banting’s pamphlet described a torturous cycle of failed weight-loss attempts that may still sound familiar to many people. Even though Banting had led a fairly active life, he said, exercise hadn’t decreased the size of his waistline.

He recounted how once, on the advice of a surgeon friend, he’d started rowing a few hours every morning to lose weight. He said that plan didn’t help because it only made him hungrier.

He also tried Turkish baths when those became popular, but he dropped only 6 pounds that way.

“I could not stoop to tie my shoe,” he wrote.

Banting described how he’d felt pained by the “remarks and sneers, frequently painful in society” that he’d endured as a fat man. These difficulties led him to sometimes avoid crowded places, he added.

He offered his new diet as a solution.

“I am now nearly 66 years of age, about 5 feet 5 inches in stature, and, in August last , weighed 202 lbs.,” Banting wrote in the first edition of the pamphlet. “I now weigh 167 lbs., showing a diminution of something like 1 lb. per week.”

In the second edition, Banting announced that his weight loss had continued: He was down 46 pounds and was 12.25 inches skinnier around his waist. When the third edition was published in 1864, Banting proclaimed he weighed 150 pounds.

He also suggested that the diet improved his hearing, sight, and fitness level. “I have not felt so well as now for the last twenty years,” he wrote.

Parallel Developments In Carbohydrate Restriction

While all this was happening with the ketogenic diet for epilepsy, carbohydrate restriction and ketogenic dietary therapies were developing elsewhere.

  • Mackarnesss , Atkinss , and Taubess popular works and David Ludwigs research on the use of carbohydrate restriction for obesity
  • Reavens and Krausss scientific work establishing carbohydrate restriction as a viable treatment for metabolic syndrome and atherogenic dyslipidemia
  • Stephen Phinney and Jeff Voleks work on the ketogenic diet for exercise performance
  • Clinical data and single-arm trials demonstrating the efficacy of the ketogenic diet for type 2 diabetes
  • Reports of a very-low-carbohydrate/ketogenic diet for maintaining glycemic control in the normal range with fewer complications and insulin use in type 1 diabetes
  • Development of a number of exogenous ketones for inducing ketosis without carbohydrate restriction.
  • Problems With The Ketogenic Diet

    Some people have trouble sticking to a diet with strict carbohydrate restrictions long-term, and they may end up regaining the weight they lost if they revert to an unregulated diet. When someone quits their diet, its more tempting for them to rapidly consume foods they couldnt eat while dieting.

    Conversely, when beginning a diet, dieters tend to be highly motivated and push themselves to their physical and dietary limits. Be careful not to push yourself too hard in the beginningthis often leads to burnout and diet failure.

    Instead, make small changes that you can fully commit to. For example, if youre looking to change your whole diet, start by tweaking your breakfast first. Instead of going to the gym for three hours a day, commit to a 15-minute workout twice a week.

    Since its beginning, the ketogenic diet has been effective for raising energy levels, lowering weight, and increasing quality of life. Like any other diet and exercise program, its up to you to keep it going long-term. Learn more about the ketogenic diet here, and get in touch with the Diet Doc team today for guidance, tips, and help with losing weight on the ketogenic diet.

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    Is A Keto Diet Right For Everyone

    While there are a number of benefits of a keto diet, there are also some significant drawbacks.

    On top of that, many of the claims being made about the keto diet are pure speculation made to seem more legitimate by marketing hype.

    As mentioned above, there is very clear evidence that the keto diet can help with epilepsy, but what about some of the other claims?

    Lets take a look.

    The Brain Needs Carbs

    Pin on Keto Diet Foods

    Thats simply not true. The brain thrives on ketone bodies as its primary source of fuel. In fact, having too much glucose in your bloodstream can significantly increase your risk of developing certain neurological conditions.

    For example, scientists have discovered that Alzheimers is a condition caused by a problem with your brains glucose metabolism that starts as insulin sensitivity decades before the disease manifests.

    Plus, your body can make glucose, if needed, from non-carbohydrate sources in a process called gluconeogenesis.

    However, the latter is a relatively expensive process for the body and I no longer believe that you should rely on it for extended periods.

    As a result, Ive started consuming more carbohydrates than I did during my first two years on keto. These days, I consume between 30 and 70 grams of carbs per day from raw honey and seasonal fruits. Doing so might temporarily kick me out of ketosis, and thats OK I dont think you have to be in ketosis all the time if youre metabolically healthy.

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    How Will A Doctor Know When To Use The Keto Diet

    Your childs healthcare provider may suggest the ketogenic diet if other epilepsy treatments have not stopped or reduced seizures. While on the keto diet, your child will visit the provider every month to three months for blood and urine tests.

    These blood and urine tests check for nutritional or other problems.

    Modern Science: The Rise And Fall Of The Ketogenic Diet For Epilepsy

    The first modern case report of fasting for epilepsy was published by Parisian physicians Guelpa and Marie in 1911 . Word soon spread of an osteopathic physician Hugh W. Conklin using fasting for epilepsy . In 1921, Geyelin would present the case reports of Hugh W. Conklin at that years American Medical Association conference. Conklin would follow in 1922 by publishing data showing cure rates of 90% in his juvenile patients and 50% in adults . A wealthy New York corporate lawyer enlisted Conklins help to treat his son , who had intractable epilepsy. After following Conklins starvation regimen, the boys seizures left him, permanently , which we now know occurs in a substantial minority of pediatric epilepsy patients treated with the KD for several years .

    H.T.H.s parents asked Stanley Cobb, a Harvard professor, to explain the success of starvation and would fund some of the first research into fasting for epilepsy. In a series of experiments, it was demonstrated that the fast was broken with carbohydrate or protein but not with 40% cream . Wilder at Mayo Clinic in a concurrent article wrote: If this is the mechanism responsible for the beneficial effect of fasting, it may be possible to substitute for that rather brutal procedure a dietary therapy which the patient can follow with little inconvenience and continue at home as long as seems necessary. It was in this paper that the term ketogenic diet was born .

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    It’s Advertised As A Weight

    In the world of weight-loss diets, low-carbohydrate, high-protein eating plans often grab attention. The Paleo, South Beach, and Atkins diets all fit into that category. They are sometimes referred to as ketogenic or “keto” diets.

    But a true ketogenic diet is different. Unlike other low-carb diets, which focus on protein, a keto plan centers on fat, which supplies as much as 90% of daily calories. And it’s not the type of diet to try as an experiment.

    “The keto diet is primarily used to help reduce the frequency of epileptic seizures in children. While it also has been tried for weight loss, only short-term results have been studied, and the results have been mixed. We don’t know if it works in the long term, nor whether it’s safe,” warns registered dietitian Kathy McManus, director of the Department of Nutrition at Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women’s Hospital.

    Is The Keto Flu A Real Thing

    Keto Dick: What foods are banned on keto or does the does make the poison?

    Well, yes and no.

    The keto flu is not the actual flu. Its simply a series of flu-like symptoms that may or may not occur as your body adapts to the diets strict parameters. When you decrease your carbohydrate intake, your body releases sodium, potassium and water, which can potentially lead to dehydration.

    Potential symptoms include nausea, fatigue, headache, vomiting and general weakness. Keto flu symptoms typically subside once the body reaches a state of nutritional ketosis, which takes anywhere from a few days to a couple of weeks.

    Proper hydration and consuming key electrolytes, like sodium, magnesium and potassium, can help reduce these symptoms. Spinach, hemp seeds, avocado, salmon, cashews, Brussel sprouts, mushrooms and zucchini are examples of electrolyte-rich, keto-friendly foods.

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    Ketogenic Diet And Brain Tumour Research

    The laboratory team led by Dr.Nelofer Syed at the Brain Tumour Research Centre at Imperial College, London are part of a global network of researchers investigating this long-established medical diet. Dr.Syeds work is starting to shed light on how this high fat, low carbohydrate, adequate protein diet affects the metabolism of brain tumour cells: in other words, how it changes the way that brain tumours use nutrients to provide the energy that they need in order to grow.

    Working in collaboration with experts across the UK, a clinical trial protocol is close to completion and we now need extra funds to move this forward as quickly as possible. Researchers in the US have shown that when the ketogenic diet is used alongside radiotherapy in a mouse model, brain tumours disappear from the brain, and stay away even when the mice are then moved back onto a normal diet. There is obviously a big difference between obtaining this result in a laboratory and in humans, but research in other laboratories also indicates that the ketogenic diet may make surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy work more effectively so it is vital that we explore this possibility.

    Is A Ketogenic Diet The Only Way To Influence Blood Glucose Levels

    No it isnt. Any positive and consistent shift in your regular food choices towards a low carbohydrate diet can influence blood glucose levels, as can simply avoiding over-eating foods of all types. Moving away from sugary snacks, drinks and desserts, or simply eating more vegetables and less bread, potato, pasta, and rice in your meals is likely to lead to more stable blood glucose levels.

    Physical activity, illness and medical treatments may all contribute towards elevating or moderating our blood glucose levels too.

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    Too Much Protein Kicks You Out Of Ketosis

    There is a persistent misconception among ketoers that consuming too much protein kicks you out of ketosis.

    The idea behind this theory is a process called gluconeogenesis a method your body uses to convert non-carbohydrates, such as protein, into glucose. People often assume that the more protein you eat, the more glucose your body makes, thus kicking you out of nutritional ketosis at some point.

    However, studies have shown that gluconeogenesis is a mostly demand-driven process, not a supply-driven process. That means your body makes glucose at a steady rate, based on its demands, and excess protein gets stored as fat and not glycogen.

    Thats one of the reasons why protein doesnt impact your blood sugar and insulin levels in any meaningful way.

    However, its worth noting that when your body metabolizes protein, about 8% of it gets converted into glucose under optimal metabolic conditions. For example, if you come out of a 12 to 16 hour fast and you break it with eggs, a tiny portion of that egg protein will get converted into glucose.

    Banting Changed His Eating Completely But Didn’t Starve Himself

    When Was Keto Diet Invented? in 2020

    For most of his life, Banting had followed a fairly traditional British diet heavy on bread, sugar, beer, milk, butter, and potatoes. Then, in his sixth decade of life, Banting said, he “found the right man” in Dr. William Harvey, who “prescribed a certain diet” that didn’t include many of those foods. They were all too starchy and sweet, Harvey cautioned.

    “At the first blush it seemed to me that I had little left to live upon,” Banting wrote. But he soon found the diet to be “luxurious and liberal.” In total, he said, the regimen helped him lose 52 pounds.

    Here’s the sample daily menu Banting offered his readers:

    The Victorian-era regimen Harvey suggested started with a morning tablespoon of cordial mixed into a glass of water, something Banting called the “balm of life.” He endorsed the occasional nightcap as well a glass of gin, whiskey, sherry or brandy.

    The diet wasn’t perfectly keto. While a shot of alcohol or a glass of red wine is generally considered a fine once-in-a-while habit for people on keto diets, drinking too much can throw them out of their fat-burning state, especially if cocktails have mixers or juices. A bit of toast could also push them out of ketosis and back into carb-burning mode.

    Banting also nixed butter, a fat source that modern-day keto dieters adore. What’s more, his plan may have relied more on red meat and protein than is healthy.

    Read Also: What To Make For Dinner Keto

    A History Of Epilepsy Research

    While the term ketogenic wasnt used until the 20th century, theres a historical precedent for fasting for health. Ancient Greek physicians advocated for restricting ones diet to treat diseases like epilepsy and other health problems, and fasting was considered to be integral to a healthy lifestyle. In fact, fasting is the only epilepsy treatment recorded by Hippocrates, and it was standard practice across much of the world for over two thousand years.

    While most people today start the ketogenic diet to lose weight or otherwise improve their health, the eating strategy originated as a treatment for epilepsy. The research story begins with the first modern study of fasting and its role in epilepsy, which took place in France around 1911. The study found that epilepsy patients who consumed low-calorie diets combined with periods of fasting experienced fewer seizures and had fewer adverse health effects from the condition.

    Around the same time, an American osteopathic physician named Hugh Conklin began to recommend fasting to his epileptic patients to help them get their seizures under control. Using a method that caused epileptic patients to fast for 18-25 days at a time, he boasted a 50 percent success rate for adults, and as high as 90 percent for children.

    Is The Keto Diet Safe

    The keto diet could cause low blood pressure, kidney stones, constipation, nutrient deficiencies and an increased risk of heart disease. Strict diets like keto could also cause social isolation or disordered eating. Keto is not safe for those with any conditions involving their pancreas, liver, thyroid or gallbladder.

    Kleinman said someone new to the keto diet can also experience whats called the keto flu with symptoms like upset stomach, dizziness, decreased energy, and mood swings caused by your body adapting to ketosis.

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    How Does A Ketogenic Diet Work

    Although the ketogenic diet for epilepsy has been around since 1920, doctors aren’t exactly sure how the higher ketone levels works. Some seizure types seem to respond better than others to the ketogenic diet.

    In babies, the keto diet is given in formula. Young children may be fed by a tube that is place in the stomach by a surgeon. This helps the child stay on the diet.

    Not Drinking Enough Water

    Will The Keto Diet Work For Me? Benefits of A Ketogenic Approach

    Much like maintaining proper levels of electrolytes, its also essential to drink enough fluids in the form of water, tea, or even black coffee.

    Keep in mind that while your body adapts to a ketone-based metabolism, youll urinate more often. Thats why its so important to keep an eye on your water and salt intake.

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    How Long Can I Continue The Keto Diet For Managing Epilepsy

    Your healthcare provider may stop your childs keto diet after a few years if the epilepsy is well controlled. Ask your healthcare provider whether to continue a ketogenic diet for medical reasons.

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Epilepsy is challenging to live with for children and parents. About two-third of patients with epilepsy can achieve seizure control with use of right medications. When epilepsy is drug resistant, other options like epilepsy surgery, and ketogenic diet should be considered. Talk to your healthcare provider about trying the keto diet if your child has epilepsy.

    The Keto Diet Was Not Always As Popular As It Is Now In The Modern Day

    The Ketogenic diet has grown exponentially in popularity in recent years especially among the lifting population. In laymans terms, the Ketogenic diet is a high fat, low carbohydrate diet plan based on the concept of using ketones for energy. Whereas carbohydrate consuming individuals run primarily off the glucose derived from carbohydrates, Keto adapted individuals use ketones, which are produced in the absence of carbohydrates, for energy.

    Sensing that I am massively out of my wheelhouse, I willll happily point readers over to Barbends detailed, and decidedly more scientific, evaluation of Keto, found here.

    Moving back to matters of history, it is notable that numerous lifters, sprinters, and athletes of various disciplines have appeared to have dabbled in Keto from one time to another. The past decade, in particular, has witnessed a remarkable increase in the diets popularity. Scroll online and youll read seemingly miraculous weight loss stories based on the Keto diet. Youll hear of increased caloric intakes with no ramifications and youll come across a variety of Keto based supplements.

    Keto, like vegetarianism and, more recently veganism, has become a trendy way of eating. However, this was not always the case. In fact for many decades, a Keto diet was only associated with the fringes of the lifting community, only indulged in for brief periods of time and for extreme circumstances. It was not the lifestyle it has become today.

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